Once bacteria start producing acid surrounding the teeth, tooth decay commences. These bacteria are also called plaques. That is why dentist recommend fluoride treatment for patients so it can kill these bacteria before it starts to eat your teeth. Healthy teeth have fluoride in the enamel that is designed to deter plaque buildup and eventually stop tooth decay.
Poor hygiene and the practice of brushing teeth once or every other day will result in the buildup of tartar and plaque around the teeth. Your mouth is actually a haven for bacteria and that is already a given, but only a single type of bacteria that have the capability to corrode teeth, those are the gram-negative bacteria. The decay-causing bacteria can be passed from one person to another by sharing the same drink, eating from the same plate, or even kissing.
Once the plaques have already settled in your tooth’s enamel, it will slowly but surely eat their way inside your tooth. Then they will penetrate the second layer of your enamel. Then they will be heading to the pulp of the tooth at an increased speed. When they reach the part of your tooth that houses your tooth’s blood source and nerves, which is called the pulp pain will start to be felt. Once the decay infects the pulp very quickly, more pain will already be felt. When the decay reaches this point, the nerve endings will begin to be damaged. This part can be only be saved by root canal before tooth extraction is recommended.
But the process of tooth decay normally takes two to three years before it reaches the tooth enamel. After that, it takes another year before it reaches the pulp. Once the tooth decay reaches the dentin, the tooth decay will eat away most of the actual tooth in a matter of months or even weeks. A preventable type of tooth decay is called a smooth decay. It begins with a white spot on your tooth, then the bacteria will start to melt the enamel of your tooth. It usually targets you adults of ages from 20 to 30 years of age.
Tooth decay is very serious, so precautions should be done to help prevent it. Some preventive tips include regular dentist cleaning and checkups, less sugar food intake, and good oral hygiene. Using mouthwash is another great way to help prevent tooth decay by killing the bacteria in your mouth. The good news is that regular checkups should keep you from getting one of these extremely serious tooth decay infections in the near future. Finding tooth decay sooner than later can be the difference in saving your tooth or not so it is highly recommended visiting your dentist regularly.
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